1. Barbican Estate and Barbican Centre
A classic example of Brutalist design and also the product of a postwar utopian vision, the concrete complex was designed by young British designer trio Chamberlin, Powell and Bon within the mid-20th century. the location includes the residential Barbican Estate and also the Barbican Centre, Europe’s largest multi-arts and conference venue.
Map Barbican Estate and Barbican Centre:
2. Lloyd’s Building
Richard Rogers’s notable inside-out building is home to insurance firm Lloyd’s of London. Taking cues from the Centre Pompidou, this three-tower Bowellist construction options external elevators and service functions, granting simple maintenance and flexible, unrestricted interiors
3. St. Pancras Hotel and Train Station
The St. Pancras railway station 1st opened in 1868 and was followed by the completion of the east and west wings of the neighboring Midland Grand edifice in 1873 and 1876, severally. A masterful example of Victorian-era Gothic Revival design, the hotel finished off in 1935 and fell into disrepair till renovations began within the 1990s. the location is currently open for business within the type of the St. Pancras Renaissance hotel.
4. The Shard
Completed in 2012, Renzo Piano’s recognizable sherd building is home to a variety of restaurants, offices, a hotel, and a viewing gallery. impressed by the conception of a vertical town, the over 1,000-foot-tall structure is one amongst the tallest buildings in Europe.
5. The Globe Theatre
In 1644, Shakespeare’s second Globe Theatre (the original was demolished by his company in 1599) was torn all the way down to make way for apartment building housing. Lucky for theater and literature buffs, American actor, director, and producer SAM Wanamaker pioneered the creation of a trustworthy reconstruction of the Elizabethan playground that opened to the general public in 1997. whereas historians aren’t 100% certain of the original theater’s style, Wanamaker’s revival could be a painstakingly close approximation that features such 16th-century architectural components as a water reed thatch roof.
6. Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge19th-century landmark was designed by Sir Horace Jones. Still operational, the bridge is raised about 850 times a year. Non-acrophobic’s will traverse the new glass-floor walk to expertise unbelievable bird’s-eye views of the town.
7. Houses of Parliament/Big Ben
A trip to London wouldn’t be complete while not a visit to at least one of London’s most known landmarks—the houses of Parliament and big ben. weighing in at thirteen tons, the clock tower’s bell was cast in 1858 by the Whitechapel foundry.
8. Old Royal Naval College
The Christopher Wren–designed faculty is that the focal point of the historic district of Maritime Greenwich, that is placed along the River Thames. In 1997, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization named London borough a World Heritage site.
9. St. Paul’s Cathedral
Another historic Sir Christopher Wren Building, the cathedral may be a prime example of English Baroque design. St. Paul’s is additionally home to a variety of murals, mosaics, and sculptures, as well as Henry Moore’s 1983 work Mother and Child: Hood.
10. Drapers’ Hall
Originally purchased within the sixteenth century to be the meeting place of Drapers’ guild, the Hall boasts various amount rooms, several of that maintain their original interior decoration. These embody an exquisite Victorian livery hall, a court hall, and a drawing-room.
11. Battersea Power Station
This out-of-commission coal-fired power plant is currently being redeveloped by Foster + Partners and Gehry Partners. Once complete, the new, cutting-edge complicated can feature riverfront housing, shopping, dining, workplace area, and a hotel.
12. Benjamin Franklin House
In 1757, the Pennsylvania Assembly sent the foundation Father to England as a colonial agent. He remained there for nearly sixteen years, living at thirty-six Craven Street in London. The home is currently the only Franklin residence still in existence. the house is open to guests as a museum and science and research facility.
13. Westminster Abbey
For over a millennium, the Abbey has been England’s installation church and has hosted a minimum of sixteen royal weddings, as well as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s 2011 nuptials. The church is additionally home to a variety of historic oil and wall paintings, likewise as England’s oldest altarpiece.
14. Royal Albert Hall
This still-operational, Grade I–listed music and performance venue had its foundation stone arranged by Queen of England in 1876. The structure options a storied mosaic frieze, a glazed-iron roof, and a monumental Henry Willis organ.
15. Leadenhall Building
Richard Rogers’s slim and stylish skyscraper at 122 Leadenhall Street was opened in 2014. presently the tallest building within the square mile, the structure—unofficially nicknamed the Cheesegrater—is angular at ten degrees to safeguard the skyline views of neighboring architectural landmarks like St Paul’s Cathedral.
16. City Hall
Designed by Foster + Partners and opened in 2002, the structure is property and almost completely non-polluting. Its bulbous form permits for best energy performance, minimizing direct sun exposure and maximizing shade.
17. British Library
The national library of the U.K. and one in all the biggest libraries within the world, British Library houses such spectacular and rare volumes as a vellum copy of the Gutenberg Bible and 2 15th-century editions of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, and original Beatles song sheets. The library building itself has been given Grade I architectural view.
18. London Eye
One of London’s most visited attractions, the London Eye—or Millennium Wheel—is a monumental Ferris wheel providing views of the Thames River. It’s the world’s tallest cantilevered observation wheel and options a 4-D cinema and Champagne bar.
19. The Royal Exchange
These luxury shopping mall options such as high-end stores as Tiffany & Co. and Watches of Suisse. however, what makes this retail destination a must-visit is the history of its landmark building. The structure was designed by William Tite within the mid-19th century and was home to Lloyd’s insurance marketplace for approximately 150 years.